The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) is the world's leading organic textile standard and is the most inclusive organic standard in the world. It includes both the farming and manufacturing processes as well as ecological and social criteria.
GOTS is accepted by the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) whereas the USDA NOP (National Organic Program) Organic standard only includes farm operations.
The following video is a brief overview of GOTS.
Reference: Global Organic Textile Standard video from KainaMedia.
The following is "must know" information on Label Grades taken from the GOTS website:
Only textiles produced and certified according to the provisions of the standard can carry the GOTS label.
The standard provides for a subdivision into two label-grades:
Label grade 1: 'organic'
= 95% certified organic fibres, = 5 % non-organic natural or synthetic fibres
Label grade 2: 'made with X% organic'
= 70% certified organic fibres, = 30 % non organic fibres, but a maximum of 10% synthetic fibres (up to 25% for socks, leggings and sportswear)
The only differentiation for subdivision is the minimum percentage of 'organic' material in the final product. This is analogous to leading organic regulations in the food market, such as USDA/NOP. The remaining balance (up to 5% or 30% respectively) may be composed of non-organic fibres, including defined regenerated and synthetic fibres (25% at most for socks, leggings and sportswear and 10% for all other textile products). Blending conventional and organic fibres of the same type in the same product is not permitted.
If raw fibres with the certified status 'organic - in conversion' are used instead of certified 'organic’ fibres, the corresponding label grades are 'organic - in conversion' or 'made with x% organic - in conversion materials'.
Read a general description of the Global Organic Textile Standard.